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The current needs dictate that a health care provider is an individual who provides preventive and curative health care services. Allied Health Professions comprise 60 percent of the total healthcare workforce. They support patients and their health care team by providing a wide range of care and support services, including technical, therapeutic, diagnostic and therapeutic care.
Physical therapy, also known simply as physiotherapy is one of today’s fastest growing allied medical fields. As a critical rehabilitative services in communities and as a vital therapeutic supplement to medical professionals, physiotherapy is the treatment of diseases or disabilities through physical exercises, heat treatments, cold therapy, hydrotherapy (acupuncture), acupuncture, and/or therapeutic massage. It is a healthcare specialty that examines, diagnoses, treats and manages disorders of the body.
Doctors, physical therapists, and physiotherapists are critical in helping patients overcome incapacity. They need to be well-versed in the anatomy of humans and the function and movement of bones, muscles, and nervous systems. Many conditions can be treated by physiotherapists. This allows them to specialize in areas like pediatrics, geriatrics. Functional movement is central to what it takes to be healthy. They can practice in outpatient and inpatient rehabilitation programs, private homes and schools, hospitals and industrial workplaces.
This therapy is the interaction among physical therapist, clients, health professionals, families and care givers. Physical therapy is also called PT management. It includes specific exercises, manual therapy as well as education and manipulation.
The Master or Doctorate degree is required in order to be licensed as a physical therapist. Coursework in biology, chemistry, and neuroscience includes examination techniques, therapeutic procedures, clinical sciences, and clinical sciences. This includes content about cardiovascular, pulmonary and metabolic conditions, as well as the medical and surgical conditions often seen by physical therapists. The licensing exams for physical therapy professionals must be passed by graduates of all levels. Many states require PTs attending continuing education classes or workshops to keep their licenses. A good physiotherapist should have a solid understanding of the principles, practices, and procedures in a specific field. She should also be able to use her experience and judgment to help plan and reach goals. A physiotherapist must also be capable of performing a wide range of tasks. The median expected salary of a physical therapist in the United States with a masters degree is $74,336
A physical therapist usually examines the medical history of patients, measures their strength, ranges of motion, balance and coordination and determines patients’ ability to be self-sufficient and integrate into the community.
Hippocrates (and later Galenus) are believed to have first practiced physical therapy. In 460 B.C. they advocated manual therapy techniques as well as hydrotherapy and massage. Per Henrik Ling was the founder of the Royal Central Institute of Gymnastics, which was named “Father of Swedish Gymnastics” in 1813. He also established official registration for PTs by Sweden’s National Board of Health and Welfare. The birth of modern physical therapy began in Britain around the turn of the 19th century. After World War I began, Walter Reed Army Hospital, Washington D.C., was the home of the first school of manual therapy. In 1974, the International Federation of Orthopedic Manipulative Therapists was formed. It is a key player in the advancement of manual treatment worldwide.
The speciality and common treatments of the profession include, Cardiovascular & Pulmonary (cystic fibrosis, heart attacks, post coronary bypass surgery, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary fibrosis), Clinical Electrophysiology(EMG/NCV), Geriatric (arthritis, osteoporosis, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, hip and joint replacement, balance disorders, incontinence), Integumentary (conditions involving the skin and related organs), Neurological (Alzheimer’s disease, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, brain injury, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injury, and stroke and common impairments including impairments of vision, balance, ambulation, activities of daily living, movement, muscle strength and loss of functional independence), Orthopedic (post-operative orthopedic procedures, fractures, acute sports injuries, arthritis, sprains, strains, back and neck pain, spinal conditions and amputations), Vestibular (vertigo, disequilibrium, mobility and balance disturbances),Pediatric (developmental delays, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, torticollis may be treated), Sports (athletic injury management, including acute care, treatment and rehabilitation, prevention, and education), Women’s health (issues related to child birth, post partum, lymph edema, osteoporosis, pelvic pain, prenatal and post partum periods and urinary incontinence).