Autism diagnosis and treatment

Because of this, there is wide variation in the support needs of people across the autism spectrum. Neuropsychological reports are often poorly communicated to educators, resulting in a gap between what a report recommends and what education is provided. The appropriateness of including children with varying severity of autism spectrum disorders in the general education population is a subject of current debate among educators and researchers. Intellectual disabilities are some of the most common comorbid disorders with ASDs.

But children with autism spectrum disorder usually show some signs of delayed development before age 2 years. Some children with autism spectrum disorder have difficulty learning, and some have signs of lower than normal intelligence. Other children with the disorder have normal to high intelligence — they learn quickly, yet have trouble communicating and applying what they know in everyday life and adjusting to social situations. Sleep problems in children with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability without autism spectrum disorder. This Research Topic consists of four articles, contributed by 30 authors, each focusing on various aspects of secondary autism spectrum disorder . The articles in this Research Topic discuss some of the controversies and progress made in how to assess a child with secondary ASD. They discuss the utility of using genetic and metabolic tests, as well as combinations of the same.

Read more about Autism here.

Editorial: Secondary vs. Idiopathic Autism

However, diagnosing and identifying these conditions can help avoid complications and improve the quality of life for individuals with autism. Likely a combination of genetic, neurological, and environmental factors are at work, which is the case with many psychiatric disorders and conditions.

Autistic people may experience over- or under-sensitivity to sounds, touch, tastes, smells, light, colours, temperatures or pain. For example, they may find certain background sounds like music in a restaurant, which other people ignore or block out, unbearably loud or distracting.

This is why they often prefer to have routines so that they know what is going to happen. They may want to travel the same way to and from school or work, wear the same clothes or eat exactly the same food for breakfast. Female protective model, which attempts to explain the increased prevalence of autism in males. Interactions between genes and the environment likely play an important role in influencing susceptibility to autism.

Newly Diagnosed

Some experts believe that ABA is a form of behavior control. They say that it forces people to conform to a rigid definition of “normal” and stifles behavior that’s part of having autism. They claim that it’s the best way for a person with autism to adapt in a way that lets them live in society more easily. Autism runs in families, so certain combinations of genes may increase a child’s risk. Genetic factors can affect someone’s risk of autism anywhere from 40 to 80%. Children with this disorder have typical development for at least 2 years and then lose some or most of their communication and social skills. Sometimes contact sports can be difficult for autistic children.

Healthline has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our editorial policy. The most effective therapies involve early and intensive behavioral support. The earlier a child is enrolled in these programs, the better their outlook will be. Certain therapies and approaches can work for some people but not others. Parents and caregivers can also have differing opinions on the best way to advocate for an autistic child.